Planning a room during a design stage ensures that it is comfortable and safe to use. A room consists of different elements like windows, doors, ceilings, wardrobes and cabinets. A general design allows for the windows and doors to be positioned correctly. On the windows and doors, permanent vents are fixed to ensure air is circulating. The design should also cater for natural lighting. This is essential for use during the day without having to switch on the electricity.
The room should be planned to have windows that are adequate. This should also allow natural cross ventilation to take lace. In a study room, the window should be large for offering reading light. However in a bathroom it should be minimum two feet square in area. If the areas have to be at different levels, then steps leading into a room should not exceed three. This again should be placed on a lighted area. In the kitchen, the work station should be away from doors leading into and outside the room.
The floors in a room should be designed and constructed for safe use. The tiled floors should have non slip tiles laid. Timber floors should be smooth sanded and a non slip polish applied. When the area is for family entertainment, it should preferably be away from the bedrooms if possible. Also additional acoustic material can be added to cushion sound from the area. The painting of bedrooms should be relaxing middle colors. The decoration should be bright but humble in nature.
The design of rooms should also also factor in the ceiling headroom. A study and wash rooms may have a low head room while a lounge can have a high one. The electrical points for plugging in equipment should be at least one foot from the finished floor level in lounges and bedrooms. This is however different for laundries and kitchens. The power points are located at about five feet from floor level. This is for all sockets except the cooker outlet left at about one foot from floor.